What’s the #1 most important thing when it comes to designing a show?
Reading the script.
Doing so will inform you exactly what you need for your design, and theoretically, budget size shouldn’t matter. However, when it comes to budget-tight productions, knowing exactly what you need will help you achieve your design in the most frugal way.
In this article from Playbill.com, Broadway designers offer suggestions based on discipline, best practices, and their picks for inexpensive products.